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酒吧傳奇

這些人還是決定按照付稅的方式來付酒錢, 所以前4個人還是免費喝酒. 那剩下6個要付錢的顧客呢? 他們要怎麼"公平的分配"那"突然間多出來的"$20呢? $20除以6是$3.33. 但是如果他們從每個人的帳單扣掉$3.33, 第五跟第六個人不但不用付錢, 還有錢進口袋呢. 這想想不太通. 於是酒店老闆提議根據每個人付錢的比例來減好了, 於是他提出了以下的新帳單 (越有錢的人折扣越少). 第5個人現在跟前4個人一樣, 免費 (100%折扣). 第6個人現在付$2 (從$3降下來, 33%折扣). 第7個人現在付$5 (從$7降下來, 28%折扣). 第8個人現在付$9 (從$12降下來, 25%折扣). 第9個人現在付$14 (從$18降下來, 22%折扣). 第10個人現在付$49 (從$59降下來, 16%折扣). 這6的人每個人都賺到了, 而前4個人還是一樣有免費的啤酒喝. 於是他們快樂的付了酒錢. 但是一旦他們踏出酒吧大門, 他們開始比較他們每個人省下的錢. "在$20的折扣中, 我只省到$1", 第6個人忿忿不平的說, 並指向第10個人,"但他省下了$10!" "是啊是啊", 第5個, 現在喝免費, 的人說 "我只省到$1, 第10個人省到我10倍的錢真是不公平啊" "那是真的," 第7個人也吆喝著 "為什麼有人拿$10, 而我只拿$2? 有錢人佔盡所有便宜!!" "甚麼?", 前4個人也嚷嚷起來了, "我們甚麼都沒拿到! 這個系統剝削窮人!!" 於是9個人起來將第10個人毒打一頓. Next day they went into the bar, as usual. pub 隔天晚上第10個人沒有出現, 於是9個人也沒等他就坐下來喝酒. 當帳單來的時候, 他們才發現他門加起來連一半的酒錢都付不起! 看看上面的故事, 再看下面的圖表. 布希2004年的減稅真的像所有左傾媒體人,學者, 及政客所說的, "獨厚富人"嗎? tax_share http://www.slate.com/id/2108201 http://www.taxfoundation.org/news/show/323.html Suppose that every day, ten men go out for beer and the bill for all ten comes to $100. If they paid their bill the way we pay our taxes, it would go something like this: The first four men (the poorest) would pay nothing. The fifth would pay $1. The sixth would pay $3. The seventh would pay $7. The eighth would pay $12. The ninth would pay $18. The tenth man (the richest) would pay $59. So, that’s what they decided to do. The ten men drank in the bar every day and seemed quite happy with the arrangement, until one day, the owner threw them a curve. ‘Since you are all such good customers,’ he said, ‘I’m going to reduce the cost of your daily beer by $20.’ Drinks for the ten now cost just $80. The group still wanted to pay their bill the way we pay our taxes so the first four men were unaffected. They would still drink for free. But what about the other six men - the paying customers? How could they divide the $20 windfall so that everyone would get his ‘fair share?’ They realized that $20 divided by six is $3.33. But if they subtracted that from everybody share, then the fifth man and the sixth man would each end up being paid to drink his beer. So, the bar owner suggested that it would be fair to reduce each man’s bill by roughly the same amount, and he proceeded to work out the amounts each should pay. And so: The fifth man, like the first four, now paid nothing (100% savings). The sixth now paid $2 instead of $3 (33%savings). The seventh now pay $5 instead of $7 (28%savings). The eighth now paid $9 instead of $12 (25% savings). The ninth now paid $14 instead of $18 (22% savings). The tenth now paid $49 instead of $59 (16% savings). Each of the six was better off than before. And the first four continued to drink for free. But once outside the restaurant, the men began to compare their savings. ‘I only got a dollar out of the $20,’declared the sixth man. He pointed to the tenth man,’ but he got $10!’ ‘Yeah, that’s right,’ exclaimed the fifth man. ‘I only saved a dollar, too. It’s unfair that he got ten times more than I got’ ‘That’s true!!’ shouted the seventh man. ‘Why should he get $10 back when I got only two? The wealthy get all the breaks!’ ‘Wait a minute,’ yelled the first four men in unison. ‘We didn’t get anything at all. The system exploits the poor!’ The nine men surrounded the tenth and beat him up. The next night the tenth man didn’t show up for drinks so the nine sat down and had beers without him. But when it came time to pay the bill, they discovered something important. They didn’t have enough money between all of them for even half of the bill! And that, ladies and gentlemen, journalists and college professors, is how our tax system works. The people who pay the highest taxes get the most benefit from a tax reduction. Tax them too much, attack them for being wealthy, and they just may not show up anymore. In fact, they might start drinking overseas where the atmosphere is somewhat friendlier. For those who understand, no explanation is needed. For those who do not understand, no explanation is possible.
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